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Protection Orders

TYPE OF ORDER   FOR WHOM?  JURISDICTION, VENUE & STANDARD OF PROOF LENGTH OF ORDER, OBJECTIONS & VIOLATIONS 
Domestic Violence Civil Protection Order ( DV CPO)


Domestic Violence Juvenile Civil Protection Order (DV JCPO)


Dating Violence Civil Protection Order (DT CPO)
  • Domestic violence, menacing by stalking, aggravated trespass, child abuse or sexually oriented offense committed by a family or household member
  • Acts committed by an adult against an adult with whom the person has a dating relationship 
  • Criminal charges not required
  • Person may seek relief on the person’s own behalf
  • In a domestic violence case, any parent or adult household member may seek relief on behalf of any other family or household member
  • In a domestic violence case, custody and support issue
  • Common Pleas Court Domestic Relations division if respondent is 18 years or older
  • Common Pleas Court Juvenile division if respondent is under 18 years old
  • Ex Parte order solely signed by a magistrate per Civ.R. 65.1 
  • Hearing within 7 or 10 court days if Ex Parte order issued, depending if respondent is ordered to vacate or evicted from residence
  • Normal civil action if no Ex Parte order issued or requested
  • Venue: County where petitioner currently or temporarily resides
  • Standard of proof: Preponderance of the evidence
  •  In effect for a specified time up to 5 years and may be renewed
  • In effect for a specified time not to exceed the respondent’s 19th birthday, if respondent is a juvenile
  • Objections filed after issuance of final appealable order per Civ.R. 65.1
  • Criminal violation under R.C. 2919.27
  • Prosecution without service if judicial officer or law enforcement officer provided notice about the order
  • Contempt of court under R.C. 3113.31
  • Adjudicated a delinquent juvenile under R.C. 2919.27
 Juvenile Civil Protection Order (JCPO)
  • Felonious assault, aggravated assault, assault, aggravated menacing, menacing by stalking, menacing, aggravated trespass, and sexually oriented offense committed by a juvenile
  • Criminal charges not required
  • Any person on behalf of that person
  • Any parent or adult family or household member may seek relief on behalf of any other family or household member
  • Any person who the court deems as an appropriate person may seek relie
  • Common Pleas Court Juvenile division if respondent is under 18 years old
  • Ex Parte order solely signed by a magistrate per Civ.R. 65.1
  • Hearing within 10 court days if Ex Parte order issued
  • Normal civil action if no Ex Parte order issued or requested 
  • Venue: County where petitioner resides 
  • Standard of proof: Preponderance of the evidence; clear and convincing for electronic monitoring
  • In effect for a specified time not to exceed the respondent’s 19th birthday
  • Objections filed after issuance of final appealable order per Civ.R. 65.1
  • Criminal violation under R.C. 2919.27
  • Prosecution without service if judicial officer or law enforcement officer provided notice about the order
  • Contempt of court under R.C. 2151.34
  • Adjudicated a delinquent juvenile under R.C. 2919.27
 Civil Stalking Protection Order (CSPO)

or

Civil Sexually Oriented Offense Protection Order (CSOOPO)
  •  Menacing by stalking or sexually oriented offense
  • Criminal charges not required
  • Person may seek relief on the person’s own behalf
  • Any parent or adult household member may seek relief on behalf of any other family or household member
  • Common Pleas Court if respondent is 18 years or older
  • Ex Parte order solely signed by a magistrate per Civ.R. 65.1
  • Hearing within 10 court days if Ex Parte order is issued
  • Normal civil action if no Ex Parte order issued or requested
  • Venue: County where petitioner resides
  • Standard of proof: Preponderance of the evidence; clear and convincing for electronic monitoring
  •  In effect for a specified time up to 5 years and may be renewed
  • Objections filed after issuance of final appealable order per Civ.R. 65.1
  • Criminal violation under R.C. 2919.27
  • Prosecution without service if judicial officer or law enforcement officer provided notice about the order
  • Contempt of court under R.C. 2903.214
 Domestic Violence Temporary Protection Order (DV TPO)
  • Criminal charges of domestic violence, stalking, criminal damaging or endangering, criminal mischief, burglary, aggravated trespass, sexually oriented offense or any offense of violence per R.C. 2901.01 against a family or household member
  • Either misdemeanor or felony charge
  • Municipal or County Court (generally) or Common Pleas Court
  • Venue: Court that has jurisdiction over criminal case
  • In effect for the duration of criminal case or until a DV CPO, per R.C. 3113.31, is issued arising out of the same activities
  • Criminal violation under R.C. 2919.27
  • Prosecution without service if judicial officer or law enforcement officer provided notice about the order
 Criminal Protection Order (CrPO)
  • Criminal charges of felonious assault, aggravated assault, assault, aggravated menacing, menacing by stalking, aggravated trespass, menacing or sexually oriented offense against someone who is NOT a family or household member
  • Excludes DV and offenses of violence against family or household member
  • Either misdemeanor or felony charge
  • Municipal or County Court (generally) or Common Pleas Court
  • Venue: Court that has jurisdiction over criminal case
  • In effect for the duration of criminal case or until CSPO or CSOOPO, per R.C. 2903.214, is issued arising out of the same activities
  • Criminal violation under R.C. 2919.27
  • Prosecution without service if judicial officer or law enforcement officer provided notice about the order
 


All protection order information found on the Ohio Supreme Court's website.